2008年3月12日 星期三

Note_20080311-- What the Buddha Taught

 

What the Buddha Taught

 

Note_20080311, at DDBC class

 

 

[ The Buddha ]

- The Buddha, whose personal name was Siddhartha (skt.).

 

Theravada 上座部 (Small Vehicle)

Mahayana 大乘(Great Vehicle)

Siddhattha  悉達多

 

 

[ Chapter 1: The Buddhist Attitude of Mind ]

 

- Everyone can becoming a Buddha:

1. The Buddha was not only a human beings; he claimed no inspiration from any god or external power either.

2. He attributed all his realization, attainments and achievements to human endeavor and human intelligence[1].

3. A man and only a man can become a Buddha.

4. Every. man hay within himself the potentiality of becoming a Buddha, if he so wills it and endeavours[2].

5. Buddha was so perfect in his 'human-ness[3]'.

6. Man's position is supreme.[4]

7. Man is his own master.[5]

 

- One is one's refuge:

1. For man has the power to liberate himself from all bondage[6] through his own personal effort [7]and intelligence.

2. The Buddha says: 'You should do your work, for the Tathagatas[8] only teach the way.'

 

- Saviour[9]:

If the Buddha to be called a 'saviour' at all, it is only in the sense that he discovered and showed the Path to Liberation, Nirvana.

 

- Responsibility:[10]

Man's emancipation depends on his own realization of Truth, and not on the benevolent grace of a god or any external power as a 'reward for his obedient good behavior.

 

- Concord is good:[11]

1. Let all listen, and be willing to listen to the doctrines professed by others.

2. This spirit of sympathetic understanding should be applied today not only in the matter of religious doctrine, but elsewhere as well.

3. This spire of tolerance and understanding has been from the beginning one of the most cherished ideals of Buddhist culture and civilization.

 

-       Saddha[12]à The Buddhist is different from other religious

1.    Almost all religions are built on faith-rather 'blind' faith [13]it would seem.

2.    In Buddhism emphasis is laid on 'seeing', knowing, understanding, and not on faith, or brief.

3.    The question of belief arises when there is no seeing--seeing in every sense of the word[14].

4.    See that the cessation of becoming is Nirvana.[15]

5.    The teaching of the Buddha Is inviting you to' come and see', but not to come and believe.

6.    The Buddha says:' I say that the destruction of defilement and impurities[16] is (meant) for a person who knows and who sees, and not for a person who does not know and does not see.

 

-       The dustless and stainless Eye of Truth has arisen.[17]

  1. He has see Truth[18], has attained Truth[19], has known Truth[20], has penetrated into Truth[21], has crossed over doubt[22], is without wavering[23].
  2. It is always seeing through knowledge or wisdom, and not believing through faith.

 

-       Fetter:[24]

To be attached to[25] one thing (to a certain view) and look down upon other things (views) as inferior-this the wise man call a fetter.



[1] 人的努力與才智。

[2] 只要他卡發願努力。

[3] 人性。

[4] 人的地位是至高無上的。

[5] 人是自己的主宰。

[6] 纏縛。

[7] 努力。Right effort,正勤。

[8] 如來。

[9] 救主。

[10] 自依止。

[11] 和諧是最好的。

[12] 見。

[13] 盲信。

[14] 包括一切見的意義在內。

[15] 明見生的止息即是Nirvana

[16] 離垢去染。

[17] 得淨法眼。

[18] 見「道」。

[19] 得「道」。

[20] 知「道」。

[21] 深入實相。

[22] 進去疑惑。

[23] 不復動搖。

[24] 桎梏(纏縛)。

[25] attach to=cling to,執著。

 

沒有留言:

張貼留言